In the June Situation report, I promised a better second-half economy. I did more than keep my promise. The first estimate for 2Q2014 GDP growth brought a steaming 4.0 percent, along with an upward revision of lQ2014’s growth from minus 2.9 percent to minus 2.1 percent. We swung high after swinging low.
Applying benefit-cost analysis in the White House regulatory oversight process served as a basic mission of the Council on Wage and Price Stability (CWPS) during its seven-year lifespan (1974–1981). This paper reviews that CWPS experience, which involved filing comments in over 300 proceedings at more than 25 federal regulatory agencies.
In the past two years, a spate of misleading reports on intellectual property has sought to convince policymakers and the public that implausibly high proportions of US output and employment depend on expansive intellectual property (IP) rights. These reports provide no theoretical or empirical evidence to support such a claim, but instead simply assume that the existence of intellectual property in an industry creates the jobs in that industry.
Inflation targeting emerged in the early 1990s and soon became the dominant monetary-policy regime. It provided a much-needed nominal anchor that had been missing since the collapse of the Bretton Woods system.
How have federal personal income tax obligations evolved over the past 60 years? A common perception is that the federal income tax burden on the poor has increased while the tax burden on the rich has declined. This study focuses on three archetypical households.
Have you ever had a car break down just as you felt you were beginning to get somewhere? And had to get out and hitchhike, hoofing it while hoping for a ride? If so, you know what it’s like to have your speed reduced to a crawl and to be hoping for a better ride. That’s the current situation with the economy.
Formal rulemaking requires agencies to make policy through a process akin to a trial; it involves cross-examination, burdens of proof, and a bar on ex parte communications. The idea is that formal procedures can help create better substantive policy. This form of rulemaking, however, is almost never used anymore. Instead, informal rulemaking—which is conducted through written comments, with no trial-like procedures—is now essentially the only type of rulemaking used.
Analysis of the data suggests that industries that are more regulated are also less productive. The one-third of industries that are least regulated show growth rates in output per hour and growth rates in output per worker that are 1.8 and 1.9 times, respectively, the growth rates for the one-third of industries that are most regulated.
Federalism is commonly thought to be a pro-liberty form of government. The American system was clearly founded on classically liberal principles. Yet it is reasonable to wonder how a system in which two or more governments can each tax and regulate a citizen can be favorable to liberty relative to a system where only one government can do that. The answer is that federalism can be favorable to liberty, but it need not be. Whether federalism is favorable or hostile to liberty depends on whether the governments within the system must compete with one another for citizen support or whether those governments are able to collude with one another, and thus expand political power relative to citizen liberty. While the United States was founded on competitive principles, it has morphed into a system of collusive federalism—and the 16th and 17th Amendments to the Constitution played a big role in this transition.
One of the President’s major regulatory oversight offices is the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs. Agencies can take a “cooperate with OIRA” approach or an “avoid OIRA” approach when they pursue new regulatory initiatives. Understanding agency avoidance tactics is an important step in deciding whether and how to shift agency incentives away from avoidance and toward cooperation.
This program will: provide an introduction to net neutrality and briefly explain the history of the debate, lay out the arguments for and against net neutrality, and discuss mechanisms to ensure the Internet remains a vibrantly free conduit and tool for ideas, innovation and economic growth.